Zerocarbonbritain2030 blog: Marine Energy Parks

The recent announcement by UK Climate Change Greg Barker MP of the first Marine Energy Park represents the fulfilment of one of the manifesto pledges and is tangible evidence of one the Coalition Agreement pledges being fulfilled. (Provide encouragement for Marine Energy).

The South West Peninsular has been designated as the first Park, and the area around Orkney in the north of Scotland is to follow in the coming months. But what does this designation actually mean?

When we think of Parks we have two distinct models. There is the ‘National Park’ model which seeks to preserve abstract concepts by careful control. I.e. landscape, built environment etc. by the application of additional regulatory strictures & authorities, and there are ‘Business Parks’ which seek to provide infrastructure and engender wealth creation though new activity. Marine Energy Parks are definitely intended to be the latter.

The South West Marine Energy Park stretches from Bristol around through to Cornwall and as far as the Isles of Scilly. It’s website says that it will create a collaborative partnership in the region between national and local government, Local Enterprise Partnerships, the Universities of Plymouth and Exeter and industry including Cornwall’s famous Wave Hub. It is unclear if the designation will also spread up the south coast. The maps of the area show the resource up as far as Portland and Poole in Dorset and there are also strong moves being made in the Solent to bring its marine capabilities to bear.The aim of the partnership being created around the Park designation is to speed up the progress of marine power development. Such aims are useful as they will help focus attention on this nascent industry. The designation represents a rallying point for the various disparate interests that are seeking to invent the industry that will harvest energy from our oceans. The key word here being ‘harvesting’. This is NOT about mining the resource. This IS sustainable as the ‘energy crop’ is readily replaced.

So what does the Park status confer? Well to some extent that remains to be seen. There are suggestions that this may provide the fulcrum over which leverage for assistance can be applied by various State organisations. This assistance may take the form of enterprise zones (as already designated in Scotland around marine resources), or it might be a reduced insurance burden, or areas where less carbon-biased grid rules might apply. They might therefore make projects more worthy of investment and help bring private money to bear. The Park status has certainly galvanised agencies in the South West to rally round the concept and has certainly helped raise the profile of the nascent industry in this naturally maritime area.

Will the Park involve a change in the way we use our sea? Well if the industry is successful at harvesting energy as we believe then there will be a change in what we are doing at sea. There will be machines installed in areas where there are big waves well off shore and there will be tidal turbines out to sea. The Parks are likely to see those changes first, but not necessarily exclusively, but the Park status may well be one of the catalysts the industry needs to get to a critical mass.

So at the end of the day the first Marine Energy Park has the potential to be useful to help a zero carbon technology come to life. It remains to be seen if it is enough.

Neil Kermode


Latest Zero Carbon Britain newsletter


A big welcome to a selection of articles from the latest Zero Carbon Britain newsletter. The whole newsletter is available here, and you can sign up to receive the ZCB newsletter straight into your inbox here.

The next phase of ZCB

We are excited to be planning a further research phase of the ZCB project. A welcome process of criticism, feedback and reflection, plus the emergence of new environmental technologies since publication, has clarified the way forward.

Specifically we would like to look how improved wind prediction might reduce emissions from back-up facilities.

We also intend to investigate the possibilities for using the Sabatier process to store energy when there is excess electricity in the grid. During this process the hydrogen released by electrolysis is combined with CO2 to produce methane, which could be stored or introduced into the gas grid.

The ZCB2030 Land Use section provoked a great deal of interest so further work has already been commissioned to expand on its ideas.

Finally, we will develop a piece of modular open-source, energy-modelling software that will allow many more people to understand, use and adapt the basic ZCB scenario.

ZeroCarbonBritain Day on 21st July

For the second year running we are planning a ZeroCarbonBritain Day in order to draw attention to the ideas in our report and the possibility of taking action to prevent unnecessary climate catastrophe.

ZeroCarbonBritain day is being co-organised by the Campaign Against Climate Change and this year will take place on 21st July. The idea so far is for groups to take action in their local areas to draw attention to ZCB and to draw their local MP’s attention to the solutions laid out in the report. Feedback from last year’s demonstration and actions can be found here.

A selection of news from the sectors addressed in ZeroCarbonBritain2030…


According to DECC, in 2010 UK greenhouse gas emissions rose by 3.1% to an estimated 590.4mtCO2e. The government claims that this was caused by the cold winter last year, but the figures indicate that consumption of fossil fuels is increasing. Even by its own measurements the government is failing in its duty to reduce emissions, and this is without taking into account the added emissions from international flights and imported goods.

Climate science

How governments around the world sponsor wrecking the climate.

Lord Lawson’s climate sceptic think tank, the Global Warming Policy Foundation, has been served with a Freedom of Information request with regards to its donors in order to determine if they have vested interests in the fossil fuel industry, which they have hitherto denied. David Attenborough has also criticised Lawson for not looking at the facts on climate change.

The built environment

A new life-cycle analysis study proves what ZCB has been saying all along, that in the main, renovating old houses produces far less CO2 than knocking them down and building new ones.


A new breakthrough on batteries for electric vehicles could mean that they achieve a greater range than other vehicles.

World & UK renewables

On 28th December 2011, a record 12.2% of the UK’s electricity was produced by wind power, smashing the previous record of 10%. Onward and upwards!

World investment in ‘clean energy’ reached $260bn in 2011 and the US topped China again for the first time since 2008.

Policy and economics

There has been widespread confusion in government as to how the Feed-in Tariff for solar PV ought to be changed. CAT’s own information officer, Tobi Kellner, makes sense out of the recent furore.

The Happy Museum Project meets Zero Carbon Britain


Paul Allen, CAT’s director of external relations, writes about a recent Happy Museum Project symposium, where he presented the findings of Zero Carbon Britain.

This week I took train across the UK to Saxmundham on the East Coast to present the finding of Zero Carbon Britain to the ‘Happy Museum’ Symposium. This is a radical and innovative project aimed at exploring how the UK museum sector can respond to the challenges presented by the need for creating a more sustainable future. Its proposition is that museums are well placed to play an active part, but may benefit from re-imagining some key aspects of their role.

My role, alongside Andrew Simms of the new economic foundation was to offer a perspective on the global context of the challenges we face, highlight the inter-relationship of practical solutions in environment, energy, economics and well-being, and present our thoughts on how to build positive, yet realistic visions of the future. The symposium participants represented a wide cross section of forward thinking museums from the National Mining Museum of Scotland to the ‘Cinema Museum’ housed in the Old Lambeth Workhouse, Kennington.

It was a very dynamic, interactive and highly motivated event, reflecting the fact that the happy museum project itself seems to be punching well above its weight, with invitations to speak to museums from Australia to Europe. The key difference that the project intends to make is through creating a community of practice to discover a new role for museums to help foster greater wellbeing with less consumption for the communities with which they engage.

Collections and places are being re-imagined in ways that demonstrate the unique offer of museums. One exciting area of their work is to empower and enable the ‘municipal spaces’ museums provide to explore the link between sustainability and well-being – and there was certainly plenty of motivation and interest from those assembled.

From the conversations that followed my presentation it seemed clear to me that in these days where contemporary culture seems to always portray our future as dark and dystopian, it is vital we recognise that to create a positive future, we first have to be able to imagine one. An important first step in this is telling a realistic and joined up story of how we have got to where we are today, and the assembled knowledge and artifacts of museums from mining to rural life hold the potential to really bring this story to life, in a context framed both by well being and through relationships with the natural environment.

The Happy Museum project is informed by a manifesto and is currently exploring six action-learning commissions. It is a fascinating project and well worth a look – to find out more, visit

A busy week for Zero Carbon Britain

by Bruce Heagerty

Last week was a great week to be working as Zero Carbon Britain’s Communications Officer. Firstly, our latest newsletter came out. We hope to do more regular updates on stories related to Zero Carbon Britain next year, so if you are interested in being kept up-to-date then please sign up to our newsletter.

Secondly, we have just launched our latest appeal for support for the Zero Carbon Britain programme. We want to do further research to back up the findings in last year’s ZCB2030 report to help convince policy makers that we should be taking the necessary decisions to decarbonise now. The new research will include work on dealing with wind variability and plans showing how we can incrementally achieve our 2030 goal.

Last week was particularly busy as I headed off to Oxford on 1st December to give a key note speech about Zero Carbon Britain in Oxford Town Hall at the inauguration of Oxfordshire’s Low Carbon Hub. This was the coming together of 65 groups dedicated to decarbonising Oxfordshire. The organisers have launched a new website linking all of these organisations so that people can find decarbonisation advice and support within Oxfordshire and beyond. With a bit of luck this type of county-wide decarbonisation network will soon begin proliferating as we all pull together to work towards a zero carbon Britain.

Zero Carbon Britain was invited to give a talk at the ‘Bank of Ideas’ and I held a well-attended two-hour workshop there which was peppered with interesting questions about how we can bring about a Zero Carbon Britain by 2030. The next day there was a Climate Justice march from Blackfriars to London involving hundreds of people demanding that the government do more to safeguard our climate future.

Going out and giving talks on ZeroCarbonBritain is a real privilege and it is great to get the chance to share the report’s ideas in the hope that more and more people will be inspired to get involved in bringing about a decarbonised UK. If your local council or environmental group require a talk on ZCB2030 then please get in touch.

Durban Climate Talks


The website of the 17th round of world climate talks boasts that the world leaders will be ‘ working together, saving tomorrow today,’  the reality is once again rich nations refusing to take responsibility and action on carbon emissions, condemning the world to irreversible climate change and a more than 2 degree temperature rise.

As the climate talks got underway in Durban this week, activists from across Africa and the world began to descend on the coastal city.  Inside the conference the talks were already of to a gloomy start with most of the world’s rich nations attempting to delay any kind of binding treaty to slow down greenhouse gas emissions. With the exception of the EU who have taken a surprisingly strong stance- demanding that negotiations on a new legal agreement  begin next year, conclude in 2015, and to enter into force as early as possible thereafter.  The US, Canada, Russia, Japan, China and India  are all pushing to delay the implementation of any legally binding treaty. The delayers,  as they are now called argue that now is not the time to start a new set of negotiations, they point out that countries have only just started to implement their own domestic emissions reduction plans. Critics say that the delayers group is just covering up for the fact that they do not want to commit to a new legal agreement at all.

Outside the conference the buzzword of the moment is Occupy, following from the worldwide movement.  Occupy COP17 is well underway with activists from across the globe taking part in meetings, actions and workshops.. Former Costa Rican President José María Figueres is calling for people to Occupy Durban saying

“We went to Copenhagen [in 2009] with the illusion we could reach an equitable agreement. We went to Cancún [in 2010] where we saw slight but not sufficient progress. Frustration is now deep and building. Now we hear that we will need more conferences. Sometime we have to get serious. We should be going to Durban with the firm conviction that we do not come back until we have made substantial advances.”

There have even been rumours that people are planning to occupy meetings rooms inside the talks, reminiscent of Copenhagen in 2009 when delegates from the ALBA group of countries and Alliance of Small Island States walked out of the Bella Conference Centre.  The role of civil society to put pressure on governments to take urgent action on climate change is ever more pressing. On Saturday 3rd of December will see a global day of action from groups across the world calling for urgent action on climate change.  In London, UK  there is a climate change demonstration being held and a rally outside parliament,  speakers from CAT’s zero carbon britain project will be talking at the Bank of Ideas tonight at 5pm.


Zero Carbon Britain discussed in the Welsh Assembly


Last Wednesday, the 16th of November, Zero Carbon Britain was discussed in the Welsh National Assembly during a Plaid Cymru debate on climate change. A motion was raised by Jocelyn Davies to propose that the Welsh government “affirms the targets of One Wales: One Planet and the Climate Change Strategy for Wales and welcomes the notable contribution to meeting these targets of the Centre for Alternative Technology in its strategy for Zero Carbon Britain 2030.”

I’d like to help create a sustainable Britain. Please help us raise £80,000 to take this vital research to the next level. Find out how you can help.

Of the report, Davies said that it “puts before us a clear analysis of what Britain as part of the United Kingdom could do to tackle climate change.” Later on in the debate – which highlighted concerns around the lack of global agreements of action on climate change – Rebecca Evans said that “if there is not urgent action on a global scale to tackle climate change there will be far-reaching effects on the world’s environment.” She then went on to say that:

The Zero Carbon Britain report states that, because climate change is a global problem, it lends itself to the denial of personal power and the blaming of others. It is easy for individuals to argue that their individual impact is not as great as that of some other people and so it is not their job to take mitigating action. The report also shows that, although many profess to care about climate change—and increasingly a large proportion of people are undertaking some actions to reduce energy use—the vast majority are continuing with patterns of behaviour that make the problem worse. For many people, there is a large gap between their concern about the environment and their actions. The report also shows that the reasons for this are many and varied and that different approaches must be employed in order to cause behavioural change in different people.

Zero Carbon Britain has made a significant impact since its release last year; it’s been read by Energy Minister Chris Huhne and has been downloaded 28,000 times. To keep on developing the report, and answer some of the crucial questions it raises, CAT is now looking to raise £80,000.

Three new exhibits coming to CAT to show how a healthy carbon neutral world is achievable

In the era of smartphones and digital ink, the word ‘technology’ has become synonymous with ‘electronic gadgets’, all too often overlooking mechanical devices and even abstracted methods and practices. Here at CAT we strive to show people how to create a sustainable lifestyle through appropriate applications of technology. This means that as science progresses we must study and research all options in order to continually reduce our environmental impact while improving our quality of life.

However, we must understand that science is merely a tool; the responsibility is in our hands to use it in ways that either protect or threaten our environment and our future . To live sustainably is to act in the present in order to ensure our great grandchildren’s world will be just as habitable as—if not more than—it is today. No more borrowing from the future.

The displays around CAT encourage visitors to learn about the complete picture. Among many things, it includes creating a zero-carbon world (no greenhouse gas emissions) by working for change at all levels of society: from the roots all the way to the very top. This summer we are hard at work to bring you not one, but three brand new exhibits to show how a healthy carbon-neutral world is achievable.

First, the Big Picture will allow visitors to orient themselves with the big issues surrounding us today, preparing you for the rest of the site. This includes our new exhibit in the Solar Dome, exploring and comparing the carbon costs associated with everyday activities.

Secondly, the Eco-Retrofit display is a new venture with CAT’s Graduate School for the Environment. Nearing completion, it was built by current architecture students, and it shows how visitors can use the local and sustainable materials internally or externally for insulating your home. It highlights a variety of building styles and focuses on money-saving solutions.

And finally, the Zero Carbon Britain exhibition will fill the whole upper floor of the Wind Pavilion (immediately above the Eco-Retrofit display). In a complete exposition, it will explain the context, reasons, policy decisions, infrastructure, behavioural changes, technology, jobs, skills and vision that is required for us to have a zero carbon society. It is the culmination of almost 40 years of experience, and it is the first fully integrated UK solution to climate change. We will be assembling it over the remainder of this year, so please come along and see it being created, ask us questions, read the zcb2030 report (download it FREE at, and support our efforts. We can’t wait to see you around the site!

Radio 4 afternoon play “getting to zero”. A play based on CAT’s report Zero Carbon Britain

Click here to listen to the play on BBC iPlayer

GETTING TO ZERO By Sarah Woods With George Monbiot, Paul Allen and Peter Harper.
Have you got what it takes to get to zero carbon? Our expert panel set one average family the task of eliminating their carbon footprint… and living with the consequences. Originally broadcast in March 2009.

Sue ….. Kate Ashfield Ian ….. Don Gilet Chloe ….. Poppy Lee Friar Jack ….. Ryan Watson Bill ….. Malcolm Tierney Meter ….. Jonathan Tafler Narrator ….. Janice Acquah Delivery Man ….. Stephen Hogan
Producer/Director: Jonquil Panting.

Time for a Zero Carbon Britain Day -July 16th 2011

Centre for Alternative calls for Zero Carbon Britain Day on July 16th 2011

CAT is to join with 100’s of other organizations across the UK calling for July 16th to be a Zero Carbon Britain day. In June 2010 CAT produced the second version of it’s ground breaking report zero carbon Britain 2030. The report lays out how we can reduce our carbon emissions to zero using existing technologies whilst maintaining a high sense of well being. As the threat of climate change increases and energy shortages loom it is vital the world takes urgent action. The Zero Carbon Britain day being organised by Campaign Against Climate Change and others is calling on people around the UK to promote the goal of a Zero Carbon Britain by 2030

A spokesperson for Campaign Against Climate Change said:
What the government is doing is piecemeal, inadequate and in some ways counterproductive. We need a more coherent, energetic and determined approach to reducing emissions – and a bolder more ambitious national target. We need Zero Carbon by 2030”

Activities and events include:

•    Urging MP’s to  sign Early Day Motion 853 which calls for Zero Carbon Britain by 2030.

•    Workshops focused on the Zero Carbon Britain 2030 Report produced by the Centre for Alternative Technology, (CAT) which outlines a practical, well researched plan for reaching a Zero carbon economy by 2030.

•    Cycle rides, picnics and photo opportunities
Bruce Heagerty Zero Carbon Britain Communications Officer said;
“Every day we do any number of things without being aware of the greenhouse gases that are given off as a result of them. We drive to work, to the shops, to see friends, go to the cinema, club or gym. All of these normal things contribute to rising levels of greenhouse gases. We are organizing this day to highlight ways in which we can decarbonise.”
Events around the country include a demonstration in Bristol, a Zero Carbon Britain picnic at Drax power station, workshops, photo stunts, a beach party in London, actions in Manchester city centre, ZCB banner in the sea, cycle ride to the house of local MP, sustainable Guernsey, unveiling of new zero carbon britain.

For more information please contact