The ‘emissions gap’ is now formally recognised by the UN, and innovative projects are emerging to deal with it. Paul Allen reports from Marrakech.
The USA Pavilion was very quiet indeed this morning, as US delegates were drawn into an internal press briefing on last night’s election. But our time together at COP22 is limited, and the task is large, so everyone is pressing on, many even harder than before. Shortly after 11am, the USA Pavilion opened with a powerful up-beat presentation from Johannes Friedrich of the World Resources Institute introducing a new alliance that is coming together to enable countries to increase ambition and close the emissions gap.
Perhaps the most powerful official recognition of the need to increase ambition is this year’s United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report. This offers an independent scientific assessment of how pledges by countries compare to emissions trajectories required by the Paris Agreement goal of staying well below 2°C and pursuing 1.5°C. This difference has become known as the ‘emissions gap’, and it must be closed. Article 4 of the Paris Agreement specifies that each country’s next offer should represent progress beyond their current Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) pledge and must reflect the highest possible ambition. The Emissions Gap Report not only estimates the gap, it focus on how action to close it can be scaled up, helping inform the political process.
But how do countries, many of which may be struggling to provide the basics for their citizens, access the support and resources needed to develop and implement even more ambitions plans? Such a monumental task requires a new approach – to share information, access finance and technical resources, and coordinate action.
Johannes’ presentation at the USA Pavilion introduced a new ‘NDC Partnership’ from a broad range of governments, international institutions and non-state actors. They have come together to provide the tools, best practices and support that countries need to transform economic systems and development priorities: how energy is produced, distributed and used; how cities are designed; how land is farmed; how forests are protected; how businesses operate and much more.
It takes a three-pronged approach:
– Creating and sharing knowledge
– Facilitating technical assistance and capacity building
– Making funding responsive to each country’s needs
The Partnership recognises that countries are in charge when it comes to identifying their needs, but aims to make sure the support for developing countries is responsive, inclusive and effective – and ultimately enables greater ambition.
I have just received an invitation to Minister Hakima El Haite of Morocco’s official opening of this NDC Partnership. I am aiming to encourage them to extend the project to help countries share research in wider topics such as sociology, psychology, law, arts and culture, so they can better overcome barriers and so gain social licence for their NDCs.
I will keep you posted….